Resources

A reading room in PAFA's new library

Arcadia Fine Arts Library

In early 2016, the Arcadia Fine Arts Library was relocated to the fifth floor of the Samuel M.V. Hamilton Building and is now part of PAFA's Center for the Study of the American Artist.

In addition to books and periodicals on art, the library houses over 8,000 Artist Files which contain miscellaneous information on individual artists, including exhibition checklists, clippings, and photographs. Research visits to the library are by appointment. Inquiries should be sent via e-mail to library@pafa.org.

Resources on the Museum and Collections

Published Resources:

This list includes titles that document the history of PAFA in general, or specifically concern the museum, its history, or its collection.
 
Antiques 121 (March 1982) [special issue devoted to PAFA]
 
The Beneficent Connoisseurs, 1974 [exhibition checklist and 3 short essays on major collections bequeathed to PAFA in the 19th century: Joseph Harrison, Edward C. Carey, and Henry C. Gibson].
 
Danly, Susan, Light, Air, and Color: American Impressionist Paintings from the Collection of the Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts, 1990.
 
______, Telling Tales: Narrative Paintings from the Collection of the Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts, 1991.
 
_____, Facing the Past: 19th Century Portraits from the Collection of the Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts, 1992.
 
Falk, Peter Hastings, editor, The Annual Exhibition Record of the Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts, 3 vols. (Madison, CT: Sound View Press, 1989). [index to oils and sculptures in the Annual Exhibitions, 1807-1968, with background essays]
 
"The First American Art Academy." Lippincott's Magazine 9 February 1872, pp. 143-153, and March, 1872, pp. 309-322.
 
Fresella-Lee, Nancy, The American Paintings in the Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts, An Illustrated Checklist, 1989.
 
Goodyear, Frank H., Jr., In This Academy: The Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts, 1805-1976, exhib. cat., 1976 [The first chapter is a history of PAFA.]
 
Henderson, Helen W., The Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts, Boston: L. C. Page & Company, 1911.
 
Huber, Christine Jones. The Pennsylvania Academy and Its Women, 1850-1920, 1974.
 
James-Gadzinski, Susan and Mary Mullen Cunningham, American Sculpture in the Museum of American Art of the Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts, 1997. (Research files from this publication are available at PAFA.)
 
Pennsylvania Academicians, exhib. cat., 1973.
 
Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts, 1805–2005: Two Hundred Years of Excellence. Philadelphia: Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts, 2005.
 
Thistlethwaite, Mark. "Patronage Gone Awry: the 1883 Temple Competition of Historical Paintings." Pennsylvania Magazine of History and Biography 112 (Oct. 1988), pp. 545-78.
 
Toohey, Jeanette M., "The Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts: An Ideal and a Symbol." Pennsylvania Heritage 14 (Spring 1988), pp. 16-23.
 
Yount, Sylvia. ”Two Centuries of Collecting at the Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts.” American Art Review 6 (December 1994), pp. 126-35.

Unpublished Resources:

Materials in the PAFA Archives (most are microfilmed by the Archives of American Art ).

Annual and Special Exhibition Catalogs and Sales Records
Newspaper reviews and clippings
Photographs: exhibitions, special events, people
Personal papers of artists associated with the institution
Correspondence of the directors (not microfilmed)

Resources on the Furness and Hewitt Historic Landmark Building

WEBSITE:

"Frank Furness: Inventing Modern" (http://frankfurness.org/)

BOOKS:

Berger, Martin A., Sight Unseen: Whiteness and American Visual Culture (Berkeley and Los Angeles: University of California Press, 2005)

Lewis, Michael J. Frank Furness: Architecture and the Violent Mind (W. W. Norton & Co., 2001).

O'Gorman, James F. The Architecture of Frank Furness, (Philadelphia: Philadelphia Museum of Art, 1973), pp. 80-85.

Orlowski, Mark B. "Frank Furness and the Heroic Ideal," (Ph.D. diss. University of Michigan, 1986) [1 copy in the Academy Library].

Thomas, George, Lewis, Michael J., and Cohen, Jeffrey. Frank Furness: The Complete Works (Princeton, N.J.: Princeton Architectural Press, 1991, Revised Edition, 1996).

ARTICLES & ESSAYS:

"Architectural Treasure Is Restored." Form and Function 2 (1976), pp. 4-7.

Berman, Avis. "Furness of Philadelphia: Two Masterpieces of American Architecture." 46 Architectural Digest (Oct. 1989), pp. 314-22.

Boyle, Richard. “The Restoration of the Furness Building of the Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts.” Nineteenth Century (April 1975), pp. 22-26 [originally published in the 1975 University of Pennsylvania Hospital Antiques Show catalog, with different lead illustration].

Campbell, William. "Frank Furness: An American Pioneer." Architectural Review 110 (Nov. 1951), pp. 311-16.

"Fearless Frank Furness." Architectural Forum 112 (June 1960), pp. 109-10.

Hershey, William D. "Gilded Geography: Mapping Frank Furness." Arts Exchange 3 (May-June 1977), pp. 20-24, 75-81.

Lewis, Michael J. “The Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts as Building and as Idea.” Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts, 1805–2005: Two Hundred Years of Excellence. Philadelphia: Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts, 2005.

List, Terrence G. "The Philadelphia Furness Built." The Philadelphia Inquirer (Nov. 20, 1989), pp. 20-21 [Weekend section].

Monahan, Anne. "Of a Doubtful Gothic: Islamic Sources for the Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts." Nineteenth Century 18 (Fall 1998), pp. 28-36.

Morton, David. "Furness Unfettered." Progressive Architecture 11 (Nov. 1976), pp. 50-53.

Myers, Hyman. "The Buildings of the Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts." Antiques 121 (March 1982), pp. 679-89.

Leibold, Cheryl. "The Historic Cast Collection at the Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts." Antiques & Fine Art (Spring 2010), pp.186-191

Resources on the School

Published Resources:

NOTE: * Articles preceded by an asterisk have been microfilmed by the Archives of American Art (AAA), see microfilm reel 4320, frames 494-554.

Bolger, Doreen, "The Education of the American Artist," In This Academy, The Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts, 1805-1976, pp. 51-74. [PAFA 1976 exhib. cat.; chapter 1 is a general history of the Academy.]

Chamberlin-Hellman, Maria, Thomas Eakins as a Teacher, Columbia University Ph. D. Dissertation, 1981. [1 copy in PAFA library].

*[Brownell, William], "The Art Schools of Philadelphia." Scribner's Illustrated Monthly Magazine 18, 5 (September 1879), pp. 737-750

Leibold, Cheryl, “Photographic High Jinks at the Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts.” Nineteenth Century 12 (Fall 1993), pp. 2-7.

Leibold, Cheryl, "To Assist and Excite: Art Education at the Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts," The Unbroken Line: A Suite of Exhibitions Celebrating the Centennial of the Fellowship of the PAFA, 1997, pp. 13-17.

Nygren, Edward J., "The First Art Schools of the Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts." Pennsylvania Magazine of History and Biography 95, 2 (April 1971), pp. 221-238.

Onorato, Ronald J. “Exciting the Efforts of the Artists: Art Instruction at the Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts,” in Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts, 1805–2005: Two Hundred Years of Excellence.

Onorato, Ronald J., The Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts and the Development of an Academic Curriculum in the Nineteenth Century, Brown University Ph.D. Dissertation, 1977. [covers the period to 1869; 2 copies in PAFA library].

Quinn, Jim, "Still-Life with Nude, Dowager, and Pork-Chop," Philadelphia Magazine (March 1979), pp. 106-115, 212-222.

*Rogers, Fairman, "The Schools of the Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts." Penn Monthly 22 (June 1881), pp. 453-62.

*[Shinn, Earl], "The First American Art Academy." Lippincott's Magazine 9 (Feb. and March 1872), pp. 143-153 and 309-321.

[Shinn, Earl], as Sigma, "A Philadelphia Art School." The Art Amateur 10 (January 1884), pp. 30-42.

Weinberg, Ephraim, "The Art School of the Pennsylvania Academy," The Magazine Antiques (March 1982), pp. 690-693. [special issue devoted to PAFA].

Unpublished Resources:

School Catalogs (with reproductions of student art after 1907) have been filmed by the AAA as follows:

1856-70 (Broadsides) reel 4320:618-823
1878-1906 reel P71:870-1034
1907-1939 reels 4320:624 to 4321:555

Minutes of the Committee on Instruction (standing committee of the board which supervised the School) filmed: 1856-1894 on reel P47:606-812 and 1895-1939 on reels 4335-4337
Student attendance registers and card files: reels 4316-4318
Register of Student Prize Winners for 1879-1934: reel 4318
Master index to student prizes, by student name, at PAFA (unfilmed)
Miscellaneous essays, notes, faculty minutes, and administrative correspondence (unfilmed)

Newspapers and Clippings

  • The PAFA Archives newspaper clipping scrapbooks begin with 1877 and run, with some gaps, to 1964.
  • For the years 1877-81, few clippings are preserved, and there are none for 1893-1900.
  • Additional loose clippings acquired at various times are on file for almost every year.
  • The scrapbooks for 1877-1955 are filmed by the Archives of American Art (AAA) on reels P53-54; the years 1956-64 are on reel 4338.
  • Microfilm reader-printer copies of clippings, and of school and exhibition catalogs, are permitted for research purposes only. (No other PAFA microfilm may be copied without permission.)  

Articles on the Academy School are often found in the months of April and May, i.e., the end of the school year.

Selected Philadelphia Newspapers:

Evening Bulletin, April 12, 1847 - 1975

Daily Chronicle, April 7, 1828 - May 1834 (title varies to 1840)

Inquirer, June 1, 1829- (incorporating the Public Ledger & North American)

Philadelphia Evening Item, 1846-1915; (Weekly Item, 1847 - 97)

North American, March 26, 1839 - May 17, 1926

The Press, Aug. 1, 1857 - Oct. 1, 1920

Public Ledger, March 25, 1836 - April 14, 1934

Evening Telegraph, Jan. 4, 1864 - July 1, 1918

Philadelphia Times, March 1,1875 - Aug. 11, 1902

General Resources on 19th- and 20th-Century Philadelphia Art

The Annual Exhibition Record of the Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts, 1807-1968, 3 vols., 1989, edited by Peter Hastings Falk, with contributions by Cheryl Leibold, Sound View Press.

The catalogs of the Annual Exhibitions are microfilmed as follows:

  • 1811-1906 on reels P41:290-P43:534
  • 1907-26 on reel 4328:8-1566
  • 1926-55 on reel 4329:9-1434
  • 1955-68 on reel 4330:8-282

Nygren, Edward J., Art Instruction in Philadelphia, 1795-1845, University of Delaware Master's Thesis, 1969. [1 copy in PAFA library.]

Sellin, David, "The First Pose: Howard Roberts, Thomas Eakins, and a Century of Philadelphia Nudes," Bulletin of the Philadelphia Museum of Art, LXX, Spring 1975.

The Pennsylvania Academy and Its Women, 1850-1920, PAFA exhibition, May 3 - June 16, 1974 (title page misprinted "1973").

Philadelphia, Three Centuries of American Art, Philadelphia Museum of Art, 1976 (with entries on over 500 artists).

Who Was Who in American Art, Sound View Press, 1985, and 2001.