Julius T. Bloch



Julius T. Bloch (1888-1966)




Oil over egg tempera on gessoed board ("Renaissance Panel")


25 1/16 x 16 in. (63.7 x 40.6 cm.)

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Gift of the Free Library of Philadelphia


With the thoughtful insight of an outsider, Bloch expressed through his paintings and graphic works the divide between idealism and the reality of social injustice. The only son of a German-Jewish family, Bloch emigrated to Philadelphia at the age of five. He studied at the Pennsylvania Academy, responding particularly to the lingering influence of former instructor Thomas Eakins. Bloch was drafted into service during World War I and never fully recovered from the horrors he witnessed. His leftist politics dovetailed with the humanitarian aspects of the Works Progress Administration (WPA), the Depression-era government program for artists, for which Bloch created empathic works hailing the dignity of the individual. Bloch joined the Academy faculty in 1947.

Beginning in he 1930s, Bloch increasingly turned to African-American subject matter in his work. In 1935 he played an instrumental role in organizing the NAACP's exhibition "An Art Commentary on Lynching," protesting this atrocity that had come to be viewed as a prime symbol of racism in America. He explored the disturbing theme in a number of works, including "The Lynching," 1932, now in the Whitney Museum of American Art, a work that significantly enhanced Bloch's reputation.